Globalization is an international integration process arising from the exchange of products, ideas, cultures and worldviews. One of the features of the concept of globalization is that it gives the impression that its possible effects are numerous and diverse.
Globalization depends on many things;
Relations between the countries of polarization and ideological divisions to be resolved based on the growth of different social cultures, beliefs and expectations better, however, contained interconnected events, in a sense, formed on the basis of the accumulation of material and spiritual values of the worldwide spread across national boundaries.
The quantitative and international integration of nations at different levels in the priority of finance and production in the world economy, as well as the disappearance of borders in the economic sense.
Technological progress is gaining new dimensions every day, communication technology and the economic science of computers and the Internet are changing the basic concepts, network relationship networks are coming to the fore.
The liberalization of movement of capital, increase in the volume of acceleration, expansion, production of capital, rather than to be used for speculative purposes, mergers and violence agenda coming up on the globalization of production, international transactions of goods and services to the global market orientation and acceleration. All these factors have influenced the economics of globalization in terms of democracy and culture and have created a basis for the formation of a global society.
It is possible to study the spheres of influence of the phenomenon of globalization in five different dimensions ;
Economic Globalization: The development and growth of world trade in the last century is the most noticeable aspect of globalization. The activities and audits of national states in the economy and trade have decelerated, and the activities of international companies in the world economy have increased.
Political Globalization: With the globalization of capital in the world economy, state sovereignty has begun to decrease. The developments between the independent and sovereign state and the hegemonic powers and the ruling blocks have gradually weakened and decimated the sovereign state.
Socio-Cultural Globalization: Another consequence of globalization is cultural globalization. Societies that cannot keep up with the globalization process, both the economic structure, universal values, and technological changes are forced to lose their culture and be doomed to a single culture.
Geographical and Ecological Globalization: As a result of globalization, there have been rapid developments in technology, communication and transportation.Although these developments are positive steps for humanity, they have also brought with them developments that will disrupt the ecological balance.The measures taken by the modern global economy based on environmental concerns have been the product of policies produced within the system.
Technological Globalization: Technological globalization communication, transportation.in areas such as security, it has increased mutual interaction by eliminating the physical boundary and changed the time-space-force interaction.
Globalization, which is a difficult process to resist, affects a very wide area.The phenomenon called globalization is symbolized by development, technology and the information society, while it also includes such phenomena as unemployment and misery.