Income Equality

Income is perhaps the element that best adapts to the vital obligation required by social coexistence. Economic structure; employment, gross national product, division, production, consumption, etc. in shaping macro-dimensions, it forces governments to improve the current situation, produce new policies, or put forward alternatives. Socio-economic development, social policies that affect the distribution of income in the current economic system, according to the types of distribution of income, and most importantly, all important factors in the distribution of income in the country reveals the effectiveness of employment on economic growth and development. It is the most ideal solution for healthy development and/or growth on social development, the added value created and the sharing of this by production factors according to their degree of effectiveness. The sharing of income in socio-economic development is the safest guarantee of social peace. For this reason, in developed and developing countries, states can implement income transfer policies in different ways. This issue, which is also very sensitive from the point of view of Turkey, has been covered in every aspect of the study and has been examined in detail from a theoretical point of view.
In addition, income refers to the flows of money or goods and services for a person, group, company or the entire economy over a certain period of time. In order for the profit from the point of view of a person or a private enterprise to be considered income, the profit must be the result of participation in production conducted in the current year. The factors participating in the production activity are labor, natural resources, capital and entrepreneurship. From this point of view, incomes are determined as wages, annuities, interest and profit.
The distribution of national income between various income groups in a country is called the dec. In other words, it can be defined as the ratio of the distribution of the total income of an economy among individuals within the economyfor decoupling income, which is usually directly related to the level of the lower, middle and upper income groups (or the desired number of income groups). Non-economic social policies are also used to generate income, and a table is organized by calculating the rates of households or families whose annual income falls into these groups.
The use of goods and services for the direct satisfaction of human needs is called consumption. It is necessary to decouple intermediate goods from consumption. Cotton and wool yarns used in the factory, flour used in the production of pasta in the pasta factory do not fall into the concept of consumption. These are decoys. The real consumption is in the consumption and consumption of pasta. It is made of cotton and wool yarns. Consumption is achieved by using the dress.
Apart from the privatization of state-owned enterprises and land reform, the methods of distribution of owned wealth have significant difficulties from a political, economic and ideological point of view. The role that the state will play in terms of income distribution is a more balanced distribution of increased wealth in the process of economic development and growth. Although there is an effective direction of the state and collective bargaining in the formation of wages and incomes in market economies, market conditions play a role in the formation of wages in the general structure of the economy, rather than social considerations.
There are very limited tools for more equitable sharing of wealth increased by economic growth and development. It is said that the state is more effective after the distribution, rather than in the order of income distribution. So much so that the state has the means to positively influence the incomes of those at low levels of delirium through subsidies, social benefits, taxes and, in general, income transfers. Currently, the practice of an increased rate of income tax, which is widespread in developed countries, is a state policy aimed at correcting, albeit to some extent, the imbalance in the income distribution. In developing countries, tax policies have little effect on income distribution in these countries due to more spending and indirect taxes (Koray and Topçuoğlu, 1987, p.136). Income transfers made by the state in various ways are quite large in developed countries. Income transfers occupy an important place in developed countries in the form of various social benefits. So much so that in these countries the social security system is integrated with the social assistance system.

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