Less Criminals, Less Prisons

A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. Crime is an aspect of life that all citizens must deal with as it seems to have been around as long as civilization itself. A criminal is a person who commits a crime. Many types of crime exist. Criminologists commonly group crimes into several major categories: violent crime, property crime, white-collar crime, organized crime, and  consensual or victimless crime. Judgement for all these crimes are different.

There are more than 5,000 prisons whole around the world. It seems a lot but the number of prisoners exactly fit those prisons. There is a long process before going to jail. First, Investigation of a crime by the police. The purpose of a criminal investigation is to gather evidence to identify a suspect and support an arrest. Then, Arrest of a suspect by the police. An arrest involves taking a person into custody for the purpose of holding the suspect until court. Next, Prosecution of a criminal defendant by a district attorney. When deciding whether to charge a person with a crime. After that, Indictment by a grand jury or the filing of an information by a prosecutor. Under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, an indictment is required when prosecuting a capital offense. A prosecutor has the option of an indictment or an information in cases involving crimes punishable by imprisonment. Then, Arraignment by a judge. Before the trial, the defendant appears in court and enters a plea. The most common pleas are guilty and not guilty. After that, Trial/adjudication of guilt by a judge or jury, with a prosecutor and a defense attorney participating. A trial is held before a judge or jury. The standard of evidence for a criminal conviction is guilt beyond a reasonable doubt—less than 100 percent certainty but more than high probability. If there is doubt based on reason, the accused is entitled to be acquitted. Sentencing by a judge. If the accused is found guilty, a judge metes out a sentence. Possible sentences include a fine, probation, a period of incarceration in a correctional institution, such as a jail or prison, or some combination of supervision in the community and incarceration.  Then the criminal faces the jail.

 

I would rather decreasing the criminal count then facing this prosecution and building more jails.

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