Global warming is a very rapid increase in temperatures on earth and in the lower troposphere as a result of the revolution in industry and the abundant use of fuels with a very high amount of carbon in cities and industries to the present day. As a result of the rapid development of industrialization and urbanization, an excessive amount of greenhouse gases is emitted to nature due to these fuels used. These gases that are formed also cause temperatures that are in natural equilibrium to increase. This formation, which has been threatening the world in recent years, is causing damage to many living things and may lead to even bigger problems.Although the causes of global warming are based on many different factors, one can talk about the natural effect caused by nature’s own balance and the artificial effect caused by human behavior. The effects of spontaneous generation on global warming are related to the movements of the sun and the earth.
The negative effects of global warming on living species are quite a lot. Animals are affected more by global warming, both their way of life and species diversity are significantly affected. The decrease in species richness, which is an important element of biodiversity, is one of the most important environmental problems of our time. The climate change brought about by global warming threatens both physical and biological habitats on every continent. Melting glaciers, expanding deserts and warming seas are some of the factors that deeply affect the fate of living species.
Being able to stop global warming in time and prevent such an important problem is also vital. There are several ways that this issue can be solved. Firstly, calculating the carbon footprint. The carbon footprint, measured in carbon dioxide, characterizes the damage caused to the environment by human activities that lead to the production of greenhouse gases. Accordingly, the carbon dioxide emission resulting from activities such as domestic energy consumption, transportation, and nutrition is called the primary carbon footprint. Using Renewable Energy Sources is another way to prevent global warming. For example, solar panels can be used to heat water, an electric car can be preferred, sunlight can be used more for lighting, rainwater can be used for garden irrigation. Thirdly, thermal insulation could be used. Effective measures against global warming can also be taken by taking steps such as lowering the temperature of the heater during sleep hours, using a heater with a thermostat, and having double-glazed windows.